Profesor Jerzy Karyłowski wraz z Bałżejem Mrozińskiem (SWPS) opublikowali w czasopiśmie Self and Identity pracę pod tytułem: Temporal distance and accessibility of overt and covert trait-aspects in judgments of self and others.
Results of previous studies show that, compared to other-judgments, self-judgments are characterized by higher accessibility of covert (unobservable) versus overt (observable) features. The current experiment examined trait-judgment latencies in two time-frames: recent past and distant past. In a 2x2x2 within-subject design, participants (N = 224) made self-judgments versus other-judgments, involving recent past versus distant past, and covert (e.g., feels happy) versus overt (e.g., acts happy) trait-related features. Results show that the enhanced accessibility of covert features in self-judgments is limited to the recent self and does not occur for self that is temporally distant. In contrast, for other-judgments, overt features are more accessible regardless of the time-frame. This suggests that compatibility between self-representations and other-representations increases over time.
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